Utilization of Palliative Care in Osteosarcoma: A National Cancer Database Review

Kevin M. McMahon, Vincent P. Eaton, Gregory J. Cichon, Julia B. Griffin, Mary E. Dahl, Peter J. Silberstein, Kate McKillip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common form of bone cancer, but the utilization of palliative care (PC) in patients with this cancer has not previously been investigated in the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Methods: Patients diagnosed with osteosarcoma (2004-2017) were identified within the NCDB. Cross tabulations with Chi-square analysis were performed to evaluate frequencies of palliative care use by patient, facility, and tumor characteristics. Multivariate logistic binary regression was performed to evaluate relationships between patient, treatment facility, and tumor characteristics and the use of palliative care. Results: A total of 7498 patients were analyzed with 2.8% of patients diagnosed having any form of palliative care utilization. Of this group, 53.37% received PC within the first 12 months after diagnosis. Of the 2.8% of patients receiving PC the most common forms of PC utilized were non-curative symptom-directed surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy, or a combination of these modalities (56.7%). Palliative care usage was increased in patients with greater tumor diameter, tumors in the bones of the midline, or stage IV tumors. Palliative care usage was decreased in patients living within 25-49 miles of their treatment facility, those living in pacific states, those with chondroblastic osteosarcoma, or those with private insurance. Conclusion: Palliative care use in patients with osteosarcoma increases with tumor stage, tumor size, or more proximal tumors, but overall utilization remains markedly low. Future studies should further define these patterns of care and help expand the utilization of PC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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