Novel Curcumin-Resveratrol Solid Nanoparticles Synergistically Inhibit Proliferation of Melanoma Cells

Gayathri Heenatigala Palliyage, Noor Hussein, Michael Mimlitz, Catherine Weeder, Marya Hassan A. Alnasser, Somnath Singh, Andrew Ekpenyong, Amit K. Tiwari, Harsh Chauhan

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9 Scopus citations


Polyphenols such as curcumin (Cur) and resveratrol (Res) have been recently shown to have potential to inhibit proliferation of highly aggressive melanoma cells. This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of a topical delivery system, using a solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) loaded delivery systems, that can enhance the skin penetration and anti-cancer efficacy of combination of these polyphenols. Negatively charged Cur-Res SLNs with a mean diameter of 180.2 ± 7.7 nm were prepared using high shear homogenization method. Cur-Res SLNs were found to be stable up to 2 weeks under 4°C. The in vitro release study showed that Res was released five time more than curcumin. The permeability of resveratrol was about 1.67 times that of curcumin from the SLN-gel formulation which was significantly (p < 0.05) lower than from SLN suspension. More than 70% of Cur-Res SLNs were bound to skin locally in a skin binding study suggesting potentially utility of Cur-Res SLNs in the treatment of localized melanoma. In fact, the electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) measurements suggested that Cur-Res combination has potential to stop cell migration of B16F10 melanoma cells. Furthermore, both, Cur-Res SLNs and Cur-Res solution at the ratio of 3:1 demonstrated a strong synergistic inhibition of SK-MEL-28 melanoma cell proliferation. Further evaluation of Cur-Res SLNs in vivo melanoma models are warranted to establish the clinical utility of Cur-Res formulations in melanoma therapy. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-871
Number of pages21
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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