Future studies using histomorphometry in type 1 diabetes mellitus

Laura A. Graeff-Armas, Emily Silverman, Robert R. Recker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose of reviewThis article reviews the current state of research in type 1 diabetes and bone, focusing on human bone turnover markers and histomorphometry.Recent findingsBone turnover markers have been used for decades to document static bone turnover status in a variety of diseases but especially in diabetes. Two new studies focus on dynamic testing conditions to examine the acute effects of insulin and exercise on bone turnover. Publications of human bone histomorphometry in type 1 diabetes are few but there are several new studies currently underway.SummaryHere, we review the most recent literature on human bone turnover markers and histomorphometry. Low bone turnover is thought to be a major underlying factor in bone fragility in T1DM. Further studies in human transilial bone biopsies will be helpful in determining the mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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